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COVID-19 Questions & Answers


Q: What is COVID-19?
  • A: COVID-19 is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first known case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The disease has since spread worldwide, leading to an ongoing pandemic.

    (Source: Wikipedia)

Q: What are some common symptoms of COVID-19?
  • A: Most Common Symptoms: Fever, dry cough, tiredness
    Less Common Symptoms: Aches and pains, sore throat, diarrhoea, conjunctivitis, headache, loss of taste or smell, a rash on skin or discolouration of fingers or toes
    Serious Symptoms: Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, chest pain or pressure, loss of speech or movement

    (Source: World Health Organization)

Q: What are some ways to prevent COVID-19?

  • Follow the CDC¡¦s latest regulations
  • Keep your hands clean and don¡¦t touch your eyes, mouth, and nose. Wash your hands before eating and after using the restroom.
  • Prevent going to crowded or poorly ventilated places. Maintain social distancing (outdoors: 1 meter, indoors: 1.5 meters).
  • Wear a face-mask and follow the regulations while taking public transportation.
  • Reduce visits in the hospital and any non-emergency medical care.
  • Follow the regulation for those who are in self isolation, self quarantine, and self-health management.
  • Prevent going to work or class if not feeling well. Stay home to rest and monitor your conditions. If needed, contact the CDC (call 1922).
  • Follow the COVID-19 vaccination policies to get vaccinated

(Source: Taiwan CDC)

Q: What is the incubation period of COVID-19?
  • A: Incubation period is the time between exposure to the virus and the development of symptoms. People start developing symptoms 2-14 days after the exposure to COVID-19.

    (Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine)

Q: How is COVID-19 diagnosed?
  • A: To know whether or not you have COVID-19, you should do a PCR Test (Polymerase Chain Reaction Test).

    (Source: Taiwan CDC)

Q: How does COVID-19 transmit?
  • A: COVID-19 transmit through direct contact with secretions or droplets, like coughing, sneezing, etc

    (Source: Taiwan CDC)

Q: What are the variants of concern (VOC) listed by the World Health Organization?
  • A: As of July 21, 2021, there are four variants that are listed as variants of concern by the World Health Organization.

    ¡E Alpha: B.1.1.7
      Earliest Documented Samples: United Kingdom, Sep 2020

    ¡E Beta: B.1.351
      Earliest Documented Samples: South Africa, May 2020

    ¡E Gamma: P.1
      Earliest Documented Samples: Brazil, Nov 2020

    ¡E Delta: B.1.617.2
      Earliest Documented Samples: India, Oct 2020

    (Source: World Health Organization)

Q: Which COVID-19 vaccines are available in Taiwan?
  • A: As of August 5, 2021, there are only two types of COVID-19 vaccines available in Taiwan: Moderna vaccine and Oxford/AstraZeneca (AZ) vaccine.
  • (Source: Taiwan CDC)

Q: What type of vaccine is Moderna?
  • A: The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is a mRNA vaccine.
  • (Source: Yale Medicine)

Q: What type of vaccine is Oxford/AstraZeneca (AZ)?
  • A: The Oxford/AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine is a viral vector vaccine.
  • (Source: Yale Medicine)

Q: What type of vaccine is Pfizer-BioNTech (BNT)?
  • A: The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is a mRNA vaccine.
  • (Source: Yale Medicine)

Q: What is a PCR Test? What is the Rapid Antigen Test? What is the difference between PCR Test & Rapid Antigen Test?
  • A: There are two main tests for COVID-19. The PCR Test (Polymerase Chain Reaction Test) is performed by detecting the RNA of COVID-19 to determine whether you have the virus or not. Other than the PCR Test, there is also another test called the rapid antigen test. The rapid antigen test detects the protein fragments of COVID-19 to determine whether you have the virus or not. The main difference between the two different tests is the waiting time for the result. Since PCR tests will need to be performed in labs, the waiting time to get the results would be longer, which oftenly takes about two days or more depending on the demand. But for rapid antigen tests, people could get the results back within 15 minutes because they don¡¦t have to be performed in laboratories. Although rapid antigen tests may produce faster results than the PCR test, the PCR test is the ¡§gold standard¡¨ of COVID-19 tests because it is more accurate and reliable.
  • (Source: Cleveland Clinic, Memorial Healthcare)

Q: What are the treatment options for COVID-19?
  • A: Currently, there is no specific treatment for COVID-19

    (Source: Taiwan CDC)

Q: What are the long term effects of COVID-19??
Q: What is the difference between cold symptoms and COVID-19 symptoms??
  • A: There are some differences between COVID-19 symptoms and cold symptoms. Difficulty breathing is one of the main symptoms of COVID-19, but not for the flu. Additionally, loss of taste and smell are also symptoms of COVID-19, but not for the flu.

    (Source: Intermountain Healthcare)

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Date Modified: 8/23/2021